DSCP (Differentiated Services Code Point) marking is a field in the IP (Internet Protocol) header of network packets that allows for the classification and prioritization of network traffic. It is a mechanism used to implement Quality of Service (QoS) in IP networks.
The DSCP field is 6 bits long and is part of the ToS (Type of Service) field in the IP header. It enables the classification of packets into different traffic classes or service levels, allowing network devices to apply appropriate QoS policies based on the assigned DSCP value.
By marking packets with specific DSCP values, network administrators can define different levels of service for different types of traffic. For example, real-time voice or video traffic may be assigned a higher DSCP value to ensure low latency and minimal packet loss, while less time-sensitive data traffic may be assigned a lower DSCP value.
Routers and other network devices along the path of the packets can read the DSCP value and prioritize or treat the packets accordingly. This prioritization can include actions such as queuing, scheduling, rate limiting, or dropping packets based on the defined QoS policies.
DSCP marking allows for the implementation of traffic engineering, traffic prioritization, and efficient resource allocation in IP networks, thereby improving the overall performance and user experience for different types of network traffic.
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